Bench Mark is an experimental project that uses street furniture to measure the dynamics of public space – the results will be used to increase social interaction in public space. More information can be found at

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Stationary Interaction

The analysis investigated stationary activities by asking three questions: are people sitting on the benches, are people moving the benches around, and are the benches clustered spatially. This allowed us to understand whether people were engaging in stationary activities by sitting down and whether they were doing this in groups or alone.Combining the bench pressure data with the location, we were able to detect a variety of stationary activities taking place on and around our benches.

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Pedestrian Interaction

When people stay in the same location for over five minutes, the Gehl methodology categorizes these actions as stationary activities. In our research, we also wanted to include any activities that lasted less than five minutes but indicated a pedestrian is interested. These shorter interactions can often lead to more prolonged stationary activities. Thus, in analysis of pedestrian interaction, we differentiated between people who are just passing by and those who stay and express curiosity.